Innana and Nina – an image
Nina is one of the names of Goddess “Inana” which represented fertility, beauty and love to the ancient people of Mesopotamia. The Goddess appeared for the first time in the lands of “Sumer” three thousand years BC through the cuneiform writing as a symbol of octagon star that referred to the planet Venus. The Sumerians called her “Aynata” and portrayed her in their mythology as the daughter of “Seen” the Goddess of the moon.
At that ancient time, women had a strong social stature, and thus they contributed to the perception of religious and metaphysical visualization as well as the birth of the first myth.
In such maternal societies, woman religiously, politically, socially and economically occupied the throne of the group in recognition of her characteristics and capabilities of human creativity, and the rhythm of her body harmonized with the rhythm of nature.
Since ancient times, Man had realized that survival depends on two main pillars; food and reproduction. Goddess “Aynata” had gathered in her character fertility and love together. She represents the fertility of nature; water, plants and animals. On the other side, she represents the desire of communication between man and woman; from her body a new life arises.
Because myth is all about tales and rituals passed down through the ages and times, adapted to the communities of different languages and natures; the worship of “Inana” propagated from the Sumerians to the other peoples who were affected by their culture and civilization, her name changed throughout different languages and by the nature of different people. She became known by the Akkadians as “Ishtar”, and by the peoples of the Arabian Peninsula as “Ashtarut”. In the Torah she became known as “Easter”, ahile the Greeks called her “Aphrodite”. The Romans called her “Venus”, and she was known among the peoples of the Levant and the successive civilizations as “Nina”.
– Dr. Fadhil Abdul-wahid, “Ishtar and the Tragedy of Temuz”
– Firas Al-Sawah, “Ishtar Puzzle – The Feminine Divinity and the
– Najih Al-Mamoori, “The Legends of the Gods in Mesopotamia”